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高温合金等材料的新发展您的位置:西游捕鱼 > 资讯动态 >

FABUSHIJIAN:2021-03-15 18:03:23

1、针对国家急需,研制铸造镍基高温合金空心涡轮叶片

  HANGKONGFADONGJISHIFEIJIDEDONGLIYUAN,GAOWENWOLUNYEPIANSHIQIGUANJIANBUJIAN,YAOQIUZAIGAOWEN、GAOSU、GAOZAIHE、FUZASHOULIZHUANGTAI、PINFANJIAOBIANWENDUXIAZHANGSHOUMINGWENDINGGONGZUO,GONGZUOTIAOJIANJIQIKEKE,KEKAOXINGYAOQIUGAO,YIDANSHIXIAOZEDAOZHIJIHUIRENWANG。1964NIAN,WOGUOZIXINGSHEJIDEXINXINGFEIJIJIXUPEITAOFADONGJI,JINGLUNZHENGJUEDINGCAIYONGGAIJINYIYOUFADONGJIDEFANGAN,YAOQIUZENGJIATUIDONGLI20%,ZHEIYIWEIZHEYAOTIGAOWOLUNQIANWENDU(YEJIUSHIWOLUNYEPIANGONGZUOWENDU)100℃,XUYAOYANZHIGAOWENHEJINCAILIAOHEKONGXINYEPIAN,ZHEIZAIDANGSHISHIJIDADETIAOZHAN。CIQIAN,GUONEIWAIJIHUSUOYOUYEPIANJUNWEIDUANZAOHOUJINGJIXIEJIAGONGERCHENGDESHIXINYEPIAN,ZHIYOUMEIGUOYANZHICHENGGONGLEZHUZAOKONGXINYEPIAN,DANZHIZAOCAILIAO、GONGYIYANGEBAOMI。

  SHICHANGXUCHENGDANJINGMIZHUZAOKONGXINWOLUNYEPIANDEYANZHIRENWUHOU,ZAIJINSHUSUOZUZHIDAILINGSHANGBAIMINGKEJIRENYUANYUSHEJIHEZHIZAODANWEIJINMIJIEHE,KAIZHANLEYELIAN、ZAOXING、TUOXIN、CEBIHOU、HUAXUEFENXIHEXIANGFENXI、KONGZHIHEJINZHILIANG、ZHIDINGYANSHOUBIAOZHUNDENGHUANJIEDEGONGGUANGONGZUO。SHOUXIAN,YANZHICHUM17HEJIN,GAIHEJINBIZHONGJIAOYUANSULIANHEJINQING9%,SHIFADONGJIANQUANXISHUTIGAOLE35%。ERQIEYOUYUJIANLILEYITAODIWENJINGLIAN、DIWENTUOQIHEDIWENJIAOZHUGONGYI,JIEHECHENGFENDIAOZHENG,DADATIGAOLEHEJINDEZUZHIHEXINGNENGWENDINGXING。QICI,CAIYONGZHENKONGJINGMIZHUZAOJISHU,TUPOLEYEPIANZHUZAOGONGYIDENANTI。TONGSHI,SHIYONGSHIYINGBOLIGUANBINGYONGQINGFUSUANRONGJIETUOCHUDEFANGFAJIEJUELEXINGXINHETUOXINDEWENTI,FAMINGLE“ZIYOUDUANGONGYI”CHENGGONGJIEJUELEXINGXINDINGWEIHEDUANXINLIANGDAGONGYINANTI,ZAISHIYANSHIYANZHICHULEWOGUODIYIPIAN9KONGZHUZAOKONGXINWOLUNYEPIAN;TAHAIKAIFACHUCHAOSHENGBOHEXSHEXIANCEHOUJISHU,YONGYUJIANCEYEPIANHEDINGWEIXINGXIN;ZONGHEKAOLVWOLUNYEPIANSHOULIZHUANGTAIHELIEWENXINGCHENGYUKUOZHANGUILVDENGYINSU,ZHIDINGLEZHUZAOKONGXINYEPIANDEYANSHOUBIAOZHUN。YINGYONGSHANGSHUJISHU,WOGUOYU1966NIANSHENGCHANCHUDIYITAIFENZHUZAOKONGXINYEPIAN,BINGZHUANGJISHICHECHENGGONG。CONGCHENGJIERENWUDAOWANCHENGJISHUGONGGUAN,ZHIYONGLEDUANDUANYINIANSHIJIAN。

  ZHUZAOJIUKONGWOLUNYEPIANDEYANZHISHIYIXIANGJUYOUKAITUOXINGDEGONGZUO,WEIWOGUOZHUZAOGAOWENHEJINJIQIXIANJINKONGXINYEPIANDEFAZHANDIANDINGLEJICHU。TASHIWOGUOWOLUNYEPIANDEFAZHANMAISHANGLELIANGGETAIJIE:YISHIYOUDUANZAOJIAGONGGAIWEIZHENKONGJINGMIZHUZAO,ERSHIYOUSHIXINGAIWEIKONGXINYEPIAN。ZHEIXIANGGONGZUOSHIWOGUOCHENGWEIJIMEIGUOZHIHOU,SHIJIESHANGDIERGECHENGGONGSHIYONGJINGZHUQILENGWOLUNYEPIANDEGUOJIA。GAIYEPIANDAOMUQIANWEIZHIRENGSHIWOGUOYONGLIANGZUIDADEHANGKONGWOLUNYEPIAN,ZHUANGBEIWOGUODUOZHONGHANGKONGFADONGJI,40DUONIANLAIMEIYOUYINYEPIANSHIXIAOERFASHENGGUOSHIGU,CHONGFENSHUOMINGBIAOZHUNSHIDANG、SHENGCHANGONGYIWENDING。YOUGAIXIANGJISHUFAZHANCHUDEYELIAN、JIAOZHU、XINGXIN、JIANCEDENGXILIEGONGYIHEBIAOZHUNYITUIGUANGDAOQUANGUO,ZHIJIEZHIDAOZHEWOGUOJISHINIANLAIGAOWENHEJINDEZHIBEIHEZHUZAOWOLUNYEPIAN(DUOJING、DINGXIANGHEDANJING)DESHENGCHAN。GAICHENGGUOYU1985NIANHUOGUOJIAKEJIJINBUYIDENGJIANG。

  2、提出低偏析理论和技术,推动我国高温合金等材料的新发展

  上世纪60年代初,金属所确定了以发展铸造高温合金为主攻方向以后,师昌绪便提出以“金属的凝固过程”作为主要学科方向。由于高温合金含十几种合金元素,而且合金化程度越来越高,凝固偏析成为高温合金进一步发展的主要障碍。通过试验和理论分析,发现某些微量元素(如磷、锆、硼、硅等)不仅本身产生严重的凝固偏析,而且还促进某些主元素的聚集。因此,通过有效控制这些微量元素,可大大减少合金的凝固偏析,这一发现被称之为“低偏析技术”。该技术的应用使得铸造高温合金工作温度提高了20-25℃,变形高温合金的开锻温度提高上百摄氏度。据此发展了一系列低偏析的铸造和定向高温合金,如M17F、M17G、M38G、DZ125L等等,多数已应用于我国先进航空发动机上。该成果还被广泛应用于不锈钢、抗氢钢的研制和生产中。为此,当时国家计委在金属所建立了“低偏析合金材料及制品示范基地”,世界银行贷款在金属所建立了高性能均质合金工程研究中心。该成果获1986年中国科学院科技进步一等奖及1987年国家自然科学三等奖。1998年7月在美国华盛顿国际材料研究学会上,师昌绪做了“微量元素控制的低偏析高温合金”报告,各国学者公认是原创性的工作,获得了国际材料研究学会联合会(IUMRS)颁发的 “Innovations in Real Materials Award(实用材料创新奖)”。当年全世界仅12项工作获此殊荣,该奖项至今也是中国唯一的实用材料创新奖。 

  3、20世纪70年代初开始抗热腐蚀涡轮叶片的研制

  GONGYEJIJIANYONGRANQILUNJIZHONG,LIEZHIRANYOUZHONGDELIUJIKONGQIZHONGDEJIANJINSHUZAIGAOWENXIAHUIDAOZHIHANGKONGYONGNIEJIGAOWENHEJINFASHENGREFUSHI,YINCICHULEDIAOZHENGHEJINCHENGFENWAI,HAIXUYAOBIAOMIANFANGHU。ZAIDIPIANXIJISHUDEQIANYINXIA,SHICHANGXUDAILINGKEYANRENYUANZAIGUONEILVXIANKAIZHANLEKANGREFUSHIGAOWENHEJINDEYANZHIGONGZUO,FAZHANLEM38、M38G、DZ38G、DSM11、DD8HEDD10XILIEKANGREFUSHIHEJIN。SHANGSHIJI70NIANDAISICHUANFAXIANDAYOUQITIAN,YUYONGGUANDAODONGSHUSHANGHAI,ZHONGJIANXUYAOGONGYERANQIJIQUDONGDEZENGYABENG,SHICHANGXULVDUIQIANWANGZHENGQUHEZUO,ZUIHOUQUEDINGWOLUNYEPIANCAIYONGJINSHUSUOKAIFADENAIREFUSHIGAOWENHEJINM38,YOUWUXIDONGLIJICHANGSHENGCHAN,JINSHUSUOPAIJISHURENYUANCHANGNIANZHUCHANG。YANJIUCHENGGUOCHUMANZUDIMIANRANQILUNJIDEXUQIU,HAIYONGYUCHUANBO。MUQIANJINSHUSUOZAIKANGREFUSHIGAOWENHEJINJIYEPIANYANZHILINGYUCHUYUGUONEILINGXIANDIWEI,YUHAQI、SHANGQI、DONGQISANDAQILUNJICHANGDENGGUONEIDAXINGRANQILUNJISHEJI、ZHIZAODANWEIDOUYOUMIQIEHEZUO,YANZHILEXILIEDEDUOJING、DINGXIANGHEDANJINGKANGREFUSHIHEJINJIDAXINGFUZAKONGXINYEPIAN,ZAIGONGYERANJIHEFADONGJIZHONGDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG,ZAIMANZUGELEIFADONGJIDEXUQIUZHONGFAHUIZHEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

  4、在国内最早提出开展在接近使用条件下的材料性能研究

  SHANGSHIJI60NIANDAI,SHICHANGXUYUANSHIRENWEIGAOWENHEJINYANJIUBIXUJIANLIXINXINGQIANGDUSHIYANSHI。YINCI,TAZAIGUONEILVXIANJIANLILEDIYINGBIANPILAOJIRUBIANPILAOJIAOHUZUOYONGSHIYANZHUANGZHIJIDIYITAIYEYASIFUDIPINPILAOJI,DAIDONGLEGUONEIQIANGDUYANJIUDEFAZHAN,WEIXINXINGGAOWENHEJINYANZHI、XUANCAIJIFADONGJISHEJITIGONGLELILUNYIJU,ZAICIJICHUSHANGJINSHUSUOJIANLILEPILAOYUDUANLIEGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI。

  5、提倡以铁基代镍基高温合金

  SHICHANGXUYUANSHIYIZHITICHANGLIZUGUONEIZIZHUFAZHANGAOWENHEJIN。SHANGSHIJI50NIANDAIMO,GENJUWOGUOGUOQINGTICHULEDALIFAZHANTIEJIGAOWENHEJINDEZHANLVEFANGZHEN。GAOWENHEJINTONGCHANGYINi、CrWEIZHU,DANGSHIYOUYUZHONGSUGUANXIEHUA、GUOJIFENGSUO,GUONEINi、CrCHANLIANGHENSHAO,FEIJIFADONGJIZHIZAOMIANLINJUDAKUNNAN。SHICHANGXUTUANDUIYUFUSHUNGANGCHANGHEZUO,YANZHICHUWOGUODIYIGETIEJIGAOWENHEJINGH135,BUFENDAITILEDANGSHISHIYONGDENIEJIHEJINGH33,SHENGCHANCHUSHUYIQIANJIDEHANGKONGFADONGJIWOLUNPAN,BUDANJIEJUELEDANGSHIJIXU,TONGSHIHAIDAIDONGLEQUANGUOKAIFATIEJIGAOWENHEJINDERECHAO。

  JISHINIANLAI,SHICHANGXUYIZHIYINDAOHEGUANZHUWOGUOGAOWENHEJINDEYANJIU、KAIFA、SHENGCHANHEYINGYONG,DUANLIANCHULESHIJIANJINGYANFENGFU、YOUJIAOGAOLILUNSHUIPINGDEKEYANYUSHENGCHANDUIWU,JIANLILERUOGANYANJIUHESHENGCHANJIDI。50DUONIANLAI,WOGUOHANGKONGFADONGJISUOYONGGAOWENHEJINDEYANZHIYUSHENGCHANWANQUANLIZUGUONEI,CHENGWEIJIMEI、YINGHEQIANSULIANZHIHOUDISIGEJUYOUGAOWENHEJINTIXIDEGUOJIA。

  SHICHANGXUSHIWOGUOGAOWENHEJINLINGYUDEZHUYAOXUEKEDAITOUREN,QUANGUOGAOWENHEJINHUIYIDUOCIQINGTAZUOZHUTIBAOGAO;ZHONG、MEIGAOWENHEJINJIAOLIUHUIDADUOSHIYITADEMINGYIFACHUYAOQING;1996NIANTAZUOWEIZHUBIANCHUBANLE《ZHONGGUOGAOWENHEJIN40NIAN》;TAHAISHI《ZHONGGUOHANGKONGCAILIAOSHOUCE》DESHOUXIGUWEN。2004NIANZHONGGUOJINSHUXUEHUIGAOWENHEJINFENHUISHOUYUTAQUANGUOWEIYIDE“ZHONGSHENCHENGJIUJIANG”。


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